EMLA cream is a topical anaesthetic applied to the external skin before treatment to reduce pain. Containing prilocaine and lidocaine, two active ingredients, it can be applied to the skin to stop pain signals travelling to the brain, associated with procedures using needles.
What ingredients does it contain?
How should EMLA Cream be administered?
Emla cream should be used exactly as it states on the enclosed label or instructions. Use sparingly, in minimal amounts as possible. It is recommended to use as adviced by your medical professional, which is often 4 hours prior to your treatment.
There is a caution that your body can absorb more than is required of this cream. Use the smallest amount required. Covering the skin may also help keep the cream at its optimum performance. Again, ask your GP for advice first.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse before using EMLA Cream:
- if you have a rare inherited illness that affects the blood called ‘glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency’.
- if you or your child have a problem with blood pigment levels called ‘methaemoglobinaemia’.
- Do not use EMLA Cream on areas with skin rash, cuts, grazes or other open wounds, with the exception of a leg ulcer. If any of these problems are present, check with your doctor, pharmacist or nurse before using the cream.
- you or your child have an itchy skin condition called ‘atopic dermatitis’, a shorter application time may be sufficient. Application times of longer than 30 minutes may result in an increased incidence of local skin reaction (see also section 4 “Possible side effects”).
- If you take particular products for heart rhythm disorders (class III antiarrhythmics, such as amiodarone). In that case the doctor will monitor your heart function.
Due to the potentially enhanced absorption on the newly shaven skin, it is important to follow the recommended dosage, skin area and application time.
Avoid getting EMLA Cream in the eyes, as it may cause irritation. If you accidentally get EMLA Cream in your eye, you should immediately rinse it well with lukewarm water or salt (sodium chloride) solution. Be careful to avoid getting anything in your eye until feeling returns.
EMLA cream should not be applied to an impaired eardrum.